SLAC Publication SLAC-PUB-15136
SLAC Release Date: July 3, 2012
Intensity Effects of the FACET Beam in the SLAC Linac
Decker, Franz-Josef.
The beam for FACET (Facility for Advanced aCcelerator Experimental Tests [1]) at SLAC requires an energy-time correlation ("chirp") along the linac, so it can be compressed in two chicanes, one at the midpoint in sector 10 and one W-shaped chicane just before the FACET experimental area. The induced correlation has the opposite sign to the typical used for BNS damping, and therefore any orbit variations away from the center kick the tail of the beam more than the head, causing a shear in the bea... Show Full Abstract
The beam for FACET (Facility for Advanced aCcelerator Experimental Tests [1]) at SLAC requires an energy-time correlation ("chirp") along the linac, so it can be compressed in two chicanes, one at the midpoint in sector 10 and one W-shaped chicane just before the FACET experimental area. The induced correlation has the opposite sign to the typical used for BNS damping, and therefore any orbit variations away from the center kick the tail of the beam more than the head, causing a shear in the beam and emittance growth. Any dispersion created along the linac has similar effects due to the high (>1.2% rms) energy spread necessary for compression. The initial huge emittances could be reduced by a factor of 10, but were still bigger than expected by a factor of 2-3. Normalized emittance of 3 m-rad in Sector 2 blew up to 150 m-rad in Sector 11 but could be reduced to about 6-12 m-rad, for the vertical plane although the results were not very stable. Investigating possible root causes for this, we found locations where up to 10 mm dispersion was created along the linac, which were finally verified with strong steering and up to 7 mm settling of the linac accelerator at these locations. Show Partial Abstract
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  • Interest Categories: Accelerator Physics
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