SLAC Reprint SLAC-REPRINT-2014-057
SLAC Release Date: April 16, 2014
Performance of an LPD prototype detector at MHz frame rates under Synchrotron and FEL radiation
A. Koch, M. Hart, T. Nicholls, C. Angelsen, J. Coughlan, M. French, S. Hauf, M. Kuster, J. Sztuk-Dambietz, M. Turcato, G.A. Carini, M. Chollet, S.C. Herrmann, H.T. Lemke, S. Nelson, S. Song, M. Weaver, D. Zhu, A. Meents and P. Fischer

DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/8/11/C11001

A MHz frame rate X-ray area detector (LPD - Large Pixel Detector) is under development by the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory for the European XFEL. The de... Show Full Abstract
A. Koch, M. Hart, T. Nicholls, C. Angelsen, J. Coughlan, M. French, S. Hauf, M. Kuster, J. Sztuk-Dambietz, M. Turcato, G.A. Carini, M. Chollet, S.C. Herrmann, H.T. Lemke, S. Nelson, S. Song, M. Weaver, D. Zhu, A. Meents and P. Fischer

DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/8/11/C11001

A MHz frame rate X-ray area detector (LPD - Large Pixel Detector) is under development by the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory for the European XFEL. The detector will have 1 million pixels and allows analogue storage of 512 images taken at 4.5 MHz in the detector front end. The LPD detector has 500 ?m thick silicon sensor tiles that are bump bonded to a readout ASIC. The ASIC's preamplifier provides relatively low noise at high speed which results in a high dynamic range of 105 photons over an energy range of 5-20 keV. Small scale prototypes of 32 256 pixels (LPD 2-Tile detector) and 256 256 pixels (LPD supermodule detector) are now available for X-ray tests.

The performance of prototypes of the detector is reported for first tests under synchrotron radiation (PETRA III at DESY) and Free-Electron-Laser radiation (LCLS at SLAC). The initial performance of the detector in terms of signal range and noise, radiation hardness and spatial and temporal response are reported. The main result is that the 4.5 MHz sampling detection chain is reliably working, including the analogue on-chip memory concept. The detector is at least radiation hard up to 5 MGy at 12 keV. In addition the multiple gain concept has been demonstrated over a dynamic range to 104 at 12 keV with a readout noise equivalent to < 1 photon rms in its most sensitive mode. Show Partial Abstract
  • Interest Categories: X-Ray Free Electron Laser
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